Indus Valley | Clues to an Ancient Civilization, National Geographic: Brick Factory Next to Archaeology Site | Harappa, Pakistan

Just outside the Harappa site in modern day Harappa, Pakistan, they are making bricks the same way the ancient Harappans did, by burying clay bricks and burning rice husks for fuel to fire the bricks. Towns in the Indus valley were a one-day walk from each other and stretch all the way to Dholavira, India. The bricks all through this civilization are the same standard size and weight without variance for the last 5,000 years.

4,800 years ago, at the same time as the early civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt, great cities arose along the flood plains of the Indus and Saraswati (Ghaggar-Hakra) rivers. They were a highly organized and very successful civilization. They built some of the world’s first planned cities, created one of the world’s first written languages and thrived in an area twice as large as Egypt or Mesopotamia for 900 years (1500 settlements spread over 280,000 square miles on the subcontinent).There are three major communities: Harappa, Mohenjo Daro, and Dholavira. The town of Harappa flourished during this period because of its location at the convergence of several trade routes that spanned a 1040 KM swath from the northern mountains to the coast.

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